If you want to learn how to sing better, you need to broaden your vocal range. Logically, first of all, you have to find your vocal range and own it!
So the question of the day is: How to find your vocal range?
You need to employ a number of techniques that have been developed by experts in this field. These techniques have a primary goal to help you identify your voice type as well as the scope between both the highest note you can sing and the lowest pitch you can perform.
Once you find your vocal range, you can work on broadening it with incremental practice. But, first things first, let us initially define how to find your vocal range.
What is Vocal Range?
Its most common application is in distinguishing singing voices and classifying them into groups recognized as voice types. Therefore, the FIRST STEP in finding your vocal range is to define your voice type.
How to Find Your Voice Type
Your range is in line with your voice. It is important to know your voice type so that you can know which notes you can reach when singing. This can help you choose the type of music or a certain song that will secure you a shining performance.
Vocal ranges are classified into six major general voice types:
Note: You need to know the numbering system on a keyboard and how to supplement note names with the appropriate octave number on a keyboard.
The three male voice types:
The three female voice types:
Most people with singing experience are probably already acquainted with these types, but if you have not discovered which voice “type” fits you, you can follow the provided instructions and try to find it.
When you determine your voice type, you can practice to broaden it. You can do this in half steps at first and, in time, that will lead to the full-step increases in range. Start the practice with short scales and then move on to forcing your voice to higher or lower levels. It would be best for you to work with a vocal coach.
However, before you start your quest to find your vocal type, you should be aware that it is not SOLELY defined by your vocal range and the notes you can produce, but also numerous other characteristics such as:
These characteristics play a HUGE role in cases where vocal range cannot be clearly defined, or better to say, borders two voice types. You can then use these vocal variables to define your voice and range more precisely.
How to Differentiate the Vocal Registers
The vocal range can be further distinguished by the help of vocal registers. Every vocal register is set APART by a distinct timbre. Each register requires different actions of the vocal cords as well.
The types of vocal ranges are:
How to Find Your Lowest Vocal Notes
Note: You have to know scientific pitch notation numbers as they are necessary to determine your vocal range. They will mark the lowest note you can produce as well as the highest notes in modal and head voice. If you can reach whistle or vocal fry register, you may note down pitch notation numbers for them too. The range should always be defined from the lowest notes to the highest ones. For more info watch this video.
Take the following steps:
How to Find Your Highest Notes
The first step is to use the piano or other appropriate tuned instrument (or an app of course) and then:
Final Step: Identify and Classify Your Vocal Range
Identify your range and tessitura
If you followed all the instructions to the letter, you should have recorded four notes: two low ones and two high ones. They must be arranged from the lowest to the highest and expressed in scientific pitch notation.
All that remains for you to do is to:
Your full vocal range is noted in front of you! Congratulations!
The inner notes (two middle pitches connected with a dash) T stand for your “tessitura,” your normal vocal range. You can produce these notes most comfortably.
The remaining two notes (the ones in parentheses) denote your full range. These are the notes you are capable to produce with some effort.
You should now count the notes between your lowest and highest note by using your keyboard, and you are almost done!
Calculate the octaves in your range
Once you count the exact number of notes in between your lowest and highest pitch, you can move on to calculate the octaves in your vocal range.
One octave comprises of eight notes, but the last note in one octave counts as the start of the following one as well. Therefore, count the total number of notes in your range in the sets of seven and you will have the correct number of octaves.
For example, if your lowest note is A2, and the highest note you can produce is A4, you are a baritone with a range of two octaves.
If you happen to have partial octaves (you cannot comfortably sing all the notes in the last octave), count them in as well. Those are partial octaves and they are rather common.
Translate your vocal range into a voice type
You could already notice in the example given in the previous section, that it is now rather easy to determine your voice type. Simply look at the vocal range you have recorded using scientific pitch notation and find your vocal classification in the section How To Find Your Voice Type (or use any other trusted or recommended source).
Your full range should fit in one of the voice type predefined range. If you cannot find a perfect fit for your range, do not worry- just go for the closest match!
At that point, you might also use your tessitura to understand which type you most closely line up with. The voice type that you choose must be the one that you feel most comfortable in when singing, or you have done something wrong. Click here to learn how to sing online.
If you have any questions or would like to share your reviews on how to find your vocal range, then comment down below. I would love to hear what you have to think.